Florence, the capital of Tuscany region, has more or less400,000 inhabitants. The city has arisen in a perfect position: it is almost in the center of the Italy, washed by the River Arno and it is surrounded by olive groves and vineyards, it is the most visited, famous and attractive city in Tuscany, is the destination of millions of people who come from all over the world in all seasons.
Florence is well known all over the world for its many art treasures of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The city is known as the birthplace of the Renaissance and is recognized as one of the main cradles of art. It is the home city of Cimabue and Giotto, the fathers of Italian painting of Arnolfo and Andrea Pisano, renovators of architecture and sculpture, Brunelleschi, Donatello and Masaccio of the Renaissance, Ghiberti and the Della Robbia, by Filippo Lippi and the Angelico, Botticelli and Paolo Uccello, the universal genius of Leonardo and Michelangelo. Their masterpieces are collected in many museums, like the Uffizi museum.
World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1982, the historic center of Florence has the most important cultural heritage of Florence. The Baptistery, the Cathedral, the medieval churches with their frescoes; buildings public; Palazzo Vecchio, Palazzo Pitti, Palazzo Medici, Riccardi Palace; monasteries and cloisters, convents and coteries. You can appreciate the city center from the hills surrounding the city, especially from Forte Belvedere, Piazzale Michelangelo and the hills of Fiesole, with its most beautiful views of the valley of Arno.
But Florence is also the birthplace of Dante, the father of Italian poetry. Machiavelli modern political work, Guicciardini historical pros., Galileo Galilei and his school, Florence is all this and much more!
Handicrafts of high-class, clothing and furniture. Florence is also an ancient workshop for everything regarding beauty in general.
Hundreds of restaurants and typical trattorias are scattered in the center and in the surrounding hills, they all offer the taste of a cuisine that makes use of simple and genuine ingredients. This dishes are always accompanied by tuscan wines, justly famous, Chianti and the surrounding areas: the red wine, robust and flavorful, and the white wine, more graceful, sweet wines and the “vin santo".